Union Jack Hand Flag 4 x 6 Inches
The Union Jack Flag
The Union Jack, or Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom. The flag also has an official or semi-official status in some other Commonwealth realms. For example, it is by law, an official flag in Canada and known there as the Royal Union Flag. Smaller British overseas territories use it as an official flag. The Union Jack also appears in the canton (upper left-hand quarter) of the flags of several nations and territories that are former British possessions or dominions.
The origins of the earlier flag of Great Britain date back to 1606. James VI of Scotland had inherited the English and Irish thrones in 1603 as James I. He united the crowns of England, Scotland, and Ireland in a personal union. Although the three kingdoms remained separate states. A royal decree specified a new flag on 12 April 1606, to represent this regal union between England and Scotland. Joined together are England’s St George’s Cross (a red cross on a white background) and Scotland’s St Andrew’s Cross (a white saltire on a blue background, known as the Saltire). Thus, forming the flag of England and Scotland for maritime purposes. King James also began to refer to a “Kingdom of Great Britain,” although the union remained a personal one.
The present design of the Union Flag dates from a Royal proclamation following the union of Great Britain and Ireland in 1801. The red cross of St George for England, the white saltire of St Andrew for Scotland and the red saltire of St Patrick for Ireland combine in national flag.
Because Wales is indirectly represented through the flag of England (which included Wales), it is not represented separately in the Union Jack.